*Comparison with conventional coffee. Calculated using the market price in December 2022. ‍ Source:

**Assumptions without CO2 emissions from roasting and export. Coffee grown in monocultures is usually not roasted in its country of origin, but is exported close to where it is consumed. Furthermore, this is only a comparison between coffee from agroforestry and unshaded monocultures. Not between Coffee Annan and others.
‍ Sources:,